COVID-19 and orientations towards solidarity: the cases of Spain, Hungary, and Romania

Autor principal:
Edurne Bartolomé Peral (Universidad de Deusto)
Bogdan Voicu (University of Sibiu)
Sesión 1, Sesión 1
Día: miércoles, 7 de julio de 2021
Hora: 09:00 a 10:45
Lugar: Online

Solidarity is core to Europe’s societal organisation and was intensively addressed in recent research. Using data collected before and during the lockdown in spring 2020, we examine whether value orientations towards
solidarity changed in three countries (Spain, Hungary, and Romania). Before the pandemic, people in Spain expressed higher solidarity than people in Hungary and Romania. Our argument claims that when facing uncertainty, people react negatively, and turn to egocentric values. However, successful state intervention decreases uncertainty and boosts solidarity. Personal experience of a crisis increases caring for others, at least in the short term. Our findings reveal increasing solidarity in Hungary and Romania and stagnant levels in Spain, thus decreasing the distance between these societies. Direct exposure to the virus and the negative experiences associated with it are related to higher solidarity but in different ways across countries. In Spain and Romania, personally knowing someone who is infected corresponds to higher levels of solidarity, while in Hungary being in confinement is associated with increased solidarity. The duration of the lockdown matters. In Romania and in Hungary, high levels of solidarity at the beginning of the lockdown decreased over time but started to increase again after several weeks into the lockdown. 

Palabras clave: Coronavirus, Europe, solidarity, social values, social change